Psycho-educational assessments refer to assessments that identify difficulties and barriers to learning. Barriers to learning can be anything that prevents the client from achieving their full potential. Clients are usually referred by teachers, parents and other professionals who are concerned about the scholastic progress of the learners and their functioning in class. Examples of learning difficulties could include ADHD/ADD, Irlen, reading, writing, spelling and mathematical difficulties, Dyscalculia, Dyslexia, processing difficulties and sensory integration difficulties to name a few.
Research has indicated that there are different types of intelligence. In the school context the focus however will only be on the type of intelligence needed to be successful with academics. The Weschler Intelligence Scale for children (WISC-IV); Senior South African Intelligence Scale- Revised (SSAIS-R), Junior South African Intelligence Scale (JSAIS) are used by Dr. Kruger to ascertain cognitive ability. Specific scholastic assessments are used to measure reading and spelling, writing,
mathematics; neurological functioning; attention and processing.